YES, There Are Rattlesnakes in OR

Oregon’s warm, summer weather brings lots of things for Pacific Crest Trail hikers: long, sunny days, refreshing mountain streams, sprawling wildflower meadows, gobs of tasty berries and, in some regions, rattlesnakes. While they’re not especially prolific here in Oregon, hikers should be watchful for these stealthy creatures as they cruise along the Crest this summer.

Rattlesnakes in Oregon

The PCT runs through landscapes that are home to several varieties of snakes, most of which are non-threatening. This includes garter snakes (below), striped whipsnakes and racers. However, Oregon is also home to the Western rattlesnake and the Northern Pacific rattlesnake. They have a hard time eking out a living in the mild, damp Northwest, but can occasionally be seen sunning themselves on or near the trail in the warm summer months. This occurs mostly in the southern and eastern parts of the state. Like most creatures, they’re rarely aggressive unless they feel threatened—and are courteous enough to give you a warning tail shake to let you know they’re nearby.

You can identify rattlesnakes by a few very telltale characteristics. First and foremost, the rattle at the ends of their tail. This is their defensive device used to warn away threats. Rattlesnakes have distinctively triangular heads, where they store their poisonous venom in two large sacs. They also have large scales, giving them an armor-plated appearance; the color of their scales can range from olive green to brown to gray, depending on their environment. Their patterning usually looks blotchy or square-shaped, and they may have alternating black and white stripes on their tails. Finally, rattlesnakes have evil, slit-shaped pupils, giving them an even more menacing appearance.

garter snake
The nonpoisonous Common Garter Snake is found throughout Oregon. Photo courtesy of ODFW

Hiking with Rattlesnakes

It’s fairly rare to see a rattlesnake along the PCT in Oregon, but it does happen. This usually occurs in the oak savannas and dry forests of the Rogue–Siskiyou National Forest and Soda Mountain Wilderness. This is where summer days are typically hot and dry. Rattlesnakes are not usually found above 6,000 feet in elevation (usually, but not impossible), so the farther north you head into Oregon’s high Cascades, the rarer they become. But don’t let your guard down. There are some areas in the central and northern parts of the state where the trail dips below 6,000 feet, or wanders over to the warmer, drier east side of the Crest, which could be suitable for them to dwell. When hiking thru rattlesnake country:

  • Watch your footing. Be extra vigilant in dry areas with brush and tall grass, in sandy areas and scree fields, and on rocky outcrops. Peer over large rocks and logs before stepping over them—and look underneath before sitting on them!
  • Wear boots and pants. The most common rattlesnake bites inflicted on hikers occur on feet and ankles. By wearing sturdy leather boots and long pants, you reduce the chances of a surprise snakebite penetrating your flesh.
  • Use trekking poles. Snakes are sensitive to vibration and might feel you before they hear you. Tap your poles in front of you and to the sides of the trail in brushy areas where they may be hiding or cooling off in the shade.
  • Close encounters. If you do happen across one, back away slowly, and don’t make any sudden movements. A coiled snake is one in defensive mode and not to be trifled with. Keep your distance and allow the snake to vacate the area first.
  • Leash Your Pup. If you’re hiking with your dog, keep them on a short leash, and hold them in check if you happen across a rattlesnake. Don’t let your pup try to chase away or kill the snake, as this risks Fido’s life as much as the snake’s.
western rattlesnake
The Western Rattlesnake is Oregon's only indigenous poisonous snake. Photo by Brent Myers.

The Worst Happens

If you do encounter a rattlesnake and it bites you, stay calm—or at least try to. A large percentage of rattlesnake bites are “dry” bites where they do not release venom. This is especially true of larger, mature snakes, as they don’t want to waste their precious venom on something that’s not a meal. Move away from the area where the snake is, sit down and wash the wound with soap and water. Even if the bite is non-venomous, you should evacuate the trail and seek medical attention immediately.

If venom was released into the bite, you will know it. The bite location will immediately swell, become discolored and feel as though it’s been set on fire. Try to stay calm. Let the wound bleed for 30 seconds, then wash it with soap and water. DO NOT cut the wound or try to suck out the venom. Remove any constricting items from the bite area (e.g., rings, socks, boots, etc.), then wrap in a loose bandage. Seek medical attention immediately.

If you’re bitten on your finger, hand or arm, and can still walk, try to evacuate the trail by hiking out deliberately, but without raising your heart rate. For a bite on your foot, ankle or leg and you cannot walk, send your partner or someone in your group for help. If you’re flying solo and carry an emergency device (SPOT, PLB), push that button! Or, if you have a cell phone, try to call 911. You can also blow on your emergency whistle to signal for help (three quick blasts). While waiting for help, keep the wound below your heart and try to remain calm.

northern pacific rattlesnake
The Northern Pacific Rattlesnake is a subspecies of the western rattler. Photo by Connor Long.

Easy Does It

You don’t need to be paranoid about rattlesnake encounters on the PCT in Oregon. You’re more likely to trip over rattlesnakes in the hot, high deserts of central and eastern Oregon—around the John Day Fossil Beds they’re everywhere! As with most wildlife, they’re likely going to be aware of you before you’re aware of them, and eager to clear the area to avoid an encounter. Just by being conscious that you’re hiking thru their home, and knowing how to properly respond in case of an encounter, you can stay safe and continue to enjoy your hike incident-free.

Have you had a rattlesnake encounter on the PCT in Oregon? Leave a comment below.

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Too close for comfort. A Western Rattlesnake lies in wait. Photo by Clinton & Charles Robertson

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5 thoughts on “Yes, There Are Rattlesnakes in Oregon!”

  1. Slightly muted orange and white snake, colors in bands, 3-4 foot long, at least 1.5 inches wide, may have had a small rattle.
    Was hiding in brush which was being cleared, moved to gravel driveway, slow to move away, even when the cat arrived.
    Did not curl up in stacked circles to strike, but formed 1 circle, the rest stretched out alternating half circles.
    Responded slowly to hose water.
    In west Eugene, an overgrown yard. Neighbor has chickens.
    Was this a rattler, kingsnake…?

  2. Kimberly Alma-Ann Rendish

    I was on the PCT hiking N/B near Green Springs on Aug. 1st in the afternoon. A 4 ft. rattlesnake 12 ft. off the trail jumped up from some leaves and back in to a defensive strike coil as I passed and sounded his rattle. This was day#1 of my first backpacking trip EVER on my 100 mile hike.

  3. I see a western rattlesnake everyday I almost put my hand on it I was down at the creek and he was curled up sunning himself tight in the middle of the river.

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